Parallel Universes of Self - site edition by Frederick E. Dodson. Religion & Spirituality site eBooks @ kipentoriber.tk Another way to view parallel universes (before choosing and entering one) is Night dreams offer an opportunity to explore parallel universes of self before. THE PARALLEL UNIVERSES of your alter egos constitute the. Level I multiverse. . Steinhard; Scientific American, May ; and “The Self-Re- producing.
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Start by marking “Parallel Universes of Self” as Want to Read: Want to Read saving ago · Add your answer · Heba Ateyat قمت بتنزيله ملف pdf من الانترنت . Parallel Universes of Infinite Self Frederick E. Dodson Table of Contents 1. Go for the Real Thing 2. Self-Responsibility 3. The Nature of Infinity 4. Reality. Thank you very much for downloading parallel universes of self. numerous times for their chosen novels like this parallel universes of self, but end up in.
It is ironic that we need many universes for the existence of our own universe! The scientific approach always assumes that fundamental reality is different from us, and we are independent observers seeking truth. But many researchers now believe that we must rethink this assumption. Our observation impacts the observed reality, because we are part of it.
This essentially is the Advaita9 philosophy, a cornerstone of Hinduism, which asserts that Brahman ultimate reality and Atman self are the same. Such a non-dualistic approach is advocated by many modern researchers who argue that the effect of observation either changes reality or creates new realities. Human eyes operate using the visible light of the electromagnetic spectrum, allowing us to view only objects that emit light, which comprise only a small fraction of the universe.
In modern times, telescopes augmented the unaided eye in the hunt for the unknown. Operating from ground and space, these telescopes scan the cosmos to draw pictures of material objects. Even with telescopes, we exploit the electromagnetic radiation to weave images of the cosmos.
Whether it is gamma rays, X-rays, microwaves, or visible light, throughout human history we have been dependent upon different forms of light to learn of cosmic events that document our own history.
Here, let us discuss the most popular telescope of our time the Hubble Telescope, known as the mirror on the universe. Now, years after Galileo attempted to know the heavens using his spy glasses, our machines can narrate the story of the heavens in much more detail. The heavens narrate their stories in a distinct manner and allow humans to discern the mystery of creation and evolution.
Up to now, humans could accomplish this only through 9 Advaita means non-dual and is a prominent school of thought in Hindu philosophy. This doctrine identifies the self atman with the ultimate reality Brahman and negates any real distinction between the individual and the entire universe.
This is because light is a messenger that can convey the untold chronicles of the cosmos, which has been a great source of myths and legends ever since the beginning of humankind. For the ancients, the heavens were the citadel of Gods who visited them for various reasons and often punished them with fiery objects. The naked eye had been the only means to investigate the elements of the cosmos, and it changed forever in Galileo, the father of modern astronomy, developed a new scientific world when he used the power of the telescope to explore the heavens.
He narrated the accounts of his observation in The Starry Messenger published in Telescopes are often referred to as time machines, as they escort us back in time. When we peep at a star or any other object a few million light years away, we are in fact seeing that object as it existed a few million years ago. Since Galileos first use of the telescope, scientists have been improving the power of telescopes to gaze at the unfathomable universe.
Now, years after the Galilean adventure, modern astronomers are on the verge of investigating the frontiers of the known universe. A variety of telescopes, operating from ground and space, aid them in this process. If the Galilean spy glasses were able to reach just the backyard of our galactic neighborhood, the modern era telescopes take us closer to the moments of creation known as the Big Bang.
Among these machines is the worlds most famous telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope, which turned 22 on April 24, During the last two decades of operation, it saw the birth and death of stars and captured many turbulent cosmic collisions.
It granted us an exotic vision to enjoy the wonders that lie in the tempestuous cosmic ocean. It continues to beam hundreds of images back to Earth every week. Figure 2. There are many descriptions for the Hubble telescope, including the eye on the sky or the mirror on the universe Image credit: NASA.
Since its launch in , most of its original instruments have been upgraded or replaced by service missions. Hubble, located at about km above Earths surface, approximately the size of a school bus, completes one full orbit around Earth in 97 min. In addition to many startling discoveries, the Hubble images have become the artwork of the cosmos. In fact, some of these objects date back to the baby universe, approximately 13 billion years ago, when the galaxies were just forming from the seeds of the Big Bang.
This particular image contains an estimated 10, galaxies in different shapes and sizes. Each of them might contain billions of stars and many possible planetary systems.
Scientists were perplexed at the mere existence of such a large number of galaxies, and some even dubbed them as Kingdoms of Heaven. The mystery surrounding the creation and existence of the universe reaches out to us in the form of light energy. Hubble has done more than any other modern telescope to garner that energy and to paint a picture of the history of the universe for coming generations. Edwin Hubble observed and measured the departure of galaxies using a technique known as the redshift in physics.
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Now we know that the galaxies not only depart from each other, but their exodus is accelerated by the inexplicable dark energy. The latest and last Hubble repair mission was conducted in May , extending the life span of the telescope for another 5 years.
The instruments on the telescope can observe the edges of the universe in visible light, ultraviolet and infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum. HST is located at about km above Earths surface with an approximate size of a school bus.
If our current notion of the universe is true, in the far future our own Milky Way Galaxy will be left alone in the galactic playground, with other galaxies having receded to unknown parts of the cosmos. The finite speed of light will not overcome the unlimited space that would be created among the galaxies due to the accelerating nature of their retreat.
This could lead future generations to assume that their galaxy is the same as the universe. If preserved, the Hubble images will enlighten our descendants with the chronicle of that ultimate isolation.
We believe what we see, but astronomy has long taught us that our eyes deceive. What we see today might be the drama of the cosmos unfolded long ago. Past, present, and future lose their meaning in the vastness of the universe. Recently, researchers and telescopes detected the most distant object in the visible universe. This view of nearly 10, galaxies is the deepest visible-light image of the cosmos. Called the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, this galaxystudded view represents a deep core sample of the universe, cutting across billions of light-years Courtesy of NASAimages.
So, even as we wonder how far we can see to the edge of the universe, it also invites the fundamental question: Can we trust what we see? Four hundred years after Galileo peeped into the heavens using the first telescope, human civilization set its sights on the edge of the visible universe.
There are no magic machines in the foreseeable future to lead us further. This GRB, estimated to be Astronomers use redshift as a tool for determining distances in the universe.
The redshift is the wavelength or frequency shift of light as it travels. This is similar to the changes in the frequency of an ambulance siren as it passes by. We perceive the declining frequency or lower pitch of sound as it travels, even though the ambulance is producing it at the same frequency.
Analysis of light from cosmic events, such as a GRB enables researchers to measure the distance and origin of such events. Light is a messenger that carries the details of its journey in its wavelength spectrum. It also means that if light does not reach us, there is no way of knowing what is out there in the farthest corners of the universe.
GRB is the aftermath of the explosion from one of the early stars in the universe. Since this event occurred It is usual for massive stars to end their life at younger ages compared to less dense stars, which survive billions of years. When mid-sized stars, such as our Sun, finish their main sequence life, they end up as white dwarfs, a relatively quiet event. However, massive stars send out the message of their demise as waves after a violent death in the form of supernovae.
During this process, the core of the star transforms into a highly dense neutron star, sending the outer layer of stellar masses to form a nebula. A nebula serves as the feeding grounds for the next generation of stars. Nebulae teach us that death and birth are cyclic in the universe rather than absolute transformations. Our Solar System was once a part of a nebula created from the death of a star caused by a supernova explosion. In nature, creation-preservation-destruction are continuous cycles, without beginning or end.
A supernova explosion more details about supernova will be discussed in Chap. Scientists believe our Sun is a third-generation star. Millions of years later, organic molecules formed in one of the planets and evolved to become intelligent beings humans. In essence, all the heavier elements, such as carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen that make up our body came from supernova explosions.
The elements heavier than hydrogen were created in the interiors of stars and then expelled into space, to be integrated into later stars. As the astronomer Carl Sagan once noted, we are made of star stuff. If we want to see our cosmic ancestry, nebulae are the best to place to look at.
The Eagle Nebula, which is 7, light-years from Earth, is one of the most admired nebulae, thanks to the Hubble Telescope, which captured this nebula in all its majesty. The Eagle Nebula shows huge columns of gas and dust, light-years across, known as the Pillars of Creation. Gamma ray bursts are so intense despite happening halfway across the universe, they sometimes can be seen briefly with the unaided eye Image credit: ESO.
The picture is a combination of different images taken through different filters, and has been processed to eliminate cosmic radiation and other distractions. The pictures show that new stars are born in this stellar nursery.
Astronomical calculations reveal that these pillars vanished 6, years ago due to a nearby supernova explosion.
Yet, we will continue to see the intact pillars for another 1, years as the message of that destruction in the form of light that has yet to reach us. The pillars are truly an impression of the past, and they tell us that time is an illusion in which we live, along with space, and is created by the movement of objects and perceptions.
In some sense, time exists because we are bound to things through our senses. The stellar nursery, aptly named, pillars of creation with its majestic appearance teaches us not only about our cosmic history, it reveals the grant illusion unfolding in huge scales in front of our own eyes.
The gravitational forces churn the cosmic material to prepare for celestial births. It is not hard to imagine that a few billion years ago, our own star, sun had a similar origin in the shadows of a nebula we could call solar nebula.
Supernova explosions are illustrious events among astrophysicists because they provide a rare opportunity for researchers to study distant parts of the cosmos. Even our most sophisticated telescopes are unable to spot a star at those distances, but a supernova outshines even its mother galaxy, providing an exceptional chance to look at it. The stellar explosions more powerful than supernovas are known as hypernovae.
These are events capable of sterilizing life in their cosmic neighborhoods. In a galaxy such as our own, the Milky Way, these events occur only rarely once every , years.
Given the billions of galaxies spanning the universe, however, it is a common event in the universe. If the supernova explosion leads to neutron stars and black holes, scientists think that hypernovae might create something more than just black holes. In the case of hypernova, the core of the star turns into a black hole, but the outer material falls back into the 32 Parallel Universes core, resulting in gamma-ray bursts GRB. The GRBs are said to be the birth cry of black holes from the farthest corners of the universe.
When we look at the Sun, in fact we are seeing the Sun as it existed 8 min ago the time light takes at a speed of , miles per second to travel the 93 million miles between the Sun and Earth. Even if the Sun disappears in a cosmic event, we will continue to see the non-existent Sun for 8 min!
We perceive the past of the Sun as our present Sun. By the same reasoning, what we are seeing of the GRB is an event that took place This GRB and the resulting nebula must be long gone, but earthlings see it now as the messenger light from that occurrence, as it has just reached us in this corner of the Milky Way Galaxy.
We are looking at this GRB today and seeing yesterday! Under the Big Bang theory, cosmologists believe the universe has been expanding since its birth When the waves originating from this hypernovae began their journey, the universe was much smaller than its current size. As the waves propagated throughout the universe, they had to travel greater distances as the departing galaxies created new space between them.
The gamma rays encountered this new space as extra distance on their voyage. Thus, the successor of this event, if it exists, must be much farther than Probably, we will never know about it as its distance to our galaxy has increased so much that the light or any electromagnetic radiation it emits will never reach us.
The visible universe represents the space we can conceive in the sense that radiation from there will reach us. There must be much more to explore beyond the visible universe, but we have no means of knowing.
As the universe continues its expansion, eventually our Milky Way Galaxy will be left alone in the universe with all the others departed to farther reaches. In the absence of any information from other galaxies, the mortals on this galaxy might assume that their universe is their own galaxy.
So how far can we see? The puzzling answer is around 13 billion light-years.
Our best telescopes can see a few million years after the origin of the universe. But we cannot see anything before the point when light did not emerge out of the baby universe.
Asking the question, How far can we see? The expanding universe imposes a limit on our view, and so we will not see anything beyond 13 billion light-years ago. And when we see it, unfortunately it will not be there anymore! The early universe was not transparent to light, which implies that we can write the history of our cosmos only up to the point when the first light began its journey, long after the creation of the universe.
Additionally, the interaction of light with matter distorts the details of the information it carries. However, unlike light, gravitational waves propagate through the cosmos without reflection or refraction. That could potentially allow us to create a purer picture of the cosmos beyond the levels light allows us.
Nevertheless, it would be an incredible proposition to gather the evidence for parallel universes. We havent been able to know the edges of our own universe, and it may not be possible to do so as the expanding universe rewrites its own boundaries. Yet, the concept of multiverses would remain as powerful as our own universe. Carl Sagan once remarked , The universe is not required to be in perfect harmony with human ambition.
The universe seems neither benign nor hostile, merely indifferent.
The theory of parallel universes is not just maths – it is science that can be tested
As the creatures of this universe, our dreams and imaginations will pursue not just the copies of our planet but also the replicas of our own universe. References 33 Figure 2.
The pillars of creation. Mystery of a giant void in space. Accessed 12 July Ashtekar, A. Quantum mechanics of geometry.
BBC Homepage. Accessed 7 Oct Benioff, P. A possible approach to inclusion of space and time in frame fields of quantum representations of real and complex numbers. Advances in Mathematical Physics, , article id , 22 pages, Bohm, D.
Quantum theory. New York: Prentice-Hall. Davies, P. Multiverse cosmological models. Modern Physics Letters A, 19 10 , The goldilocks enigma. New York: Mifflin. Hinduism and science: The state of the south Asian science and religion discourse. Duquette, J. Quantum physics and vedanta: A perspective from bernard despagnats scientific realism. Everett III, H.
Relative state formulation of quantum mechanics. Reviews of Modern Physics, 29, Time and the multiverse plus. Accessed 14 Mar Galileo and Theology Cosmology: Ideas.
Galileo and theology cosmology: ideas. Gross, D. The quantum structure of space and time: proceedings of the 23rd Solvay conference, Brussels, Belgium, December New Jersey: World Scientific Press.
Hawking, S. New York: Bantam. Horowitz, G. Spacetime in string theory. New Journal of Physics, 7, article Hugh, E. Reviews of Modern Physics 29, Bibcode RvMP Jack Ng, Y.
Parallel Universes of Infinite Self Frederick E. Dodson
Holographic foam, dark energy and infinite statistics. Physics Letters B, 13 , Kaku, M. Parallel worlds: A journey through creation, higher dimensions, and the future of the cosmos.
But string theory, which states that all fundamental particles are made up of one-dimensional strings, can describe all known forces of nature at once: gravity, electromagnetism and the nuclear forces. The cosmic microwave background. Scoured for gravitational waves and signs of collisions with other universes. Since we can only observe four dimensions: height, width, depth all spatial and time temporal , the extra dimensions of string theory must therefore be hidden somehow if it is to be correct.
To be able to use the theory to explain the physical phenomena we see, these extra dimensions have to be "compactified" by being curled up in such a way that they are too small to be seen. Perhaps for each point in our large four dimensions, there exists six extra indistinguishable directions? A problem, or some would say, a feature, of string theory is that there are many ways of doing this compactification — possibilities is one number usually touted about.
Each of these compactifications will result in a universe with different physical laws — such as different masses of electrons and different constants of gravity.
However there are also vigorous objections to the methodology of compactification, so the issue is not quite settled.
But given this, the obvious question is: which of these landscape of possibilities do we live in?
String theory itself does not provide a mechanism to predict that, which makes it useless as we can't test it. But fortunately, an idea from our study of early universe cosmology has turned this bug into a feature. The early universe During the very early universe, before the Big Bang, the universe underwent a period of accelerated expansion called inflation.
Inflation was invoked originally to explain why the current observational universe is almost uniform in temperature. However, the theory also predicted a spectrum of temperature fluctuations around this equilibrium which was later confirmed by several spacecraft such as Cosmic Background Explorer , Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and the PLANCK spacecraft.
While the exact details of the theory are still being hotly debated, inflation is widely accepted by physicists. However, a consequence of this theory is that there must be other parts of the universe that are still accelerating.
However, due to the quantum fluctuations of space-time, some parts of the universe never actually reach the end state of inflation. This means that the universe is, at least according to our current understanding, eternally inflating. Some parts can therefore end up becoming other universes, which could become other universes etc. This mechanism generates a infinite number of universes. By combining this scenario with string theory, there is a possibility that each of these universes possesses a different compactification of the extra dimensions and hence has different physical laws.
Testing the theory The universes predicted by string theory and inflation live in the same physical space unlike the many universes of quantum mechanics which live in a mathematical space , they can overlap or collide.
Indeed, they inevitably must collide, leaving possible signatures in the cosmic sky which we can try to search for. The exact details of the signatures depends intimately on the models — ranging from cold or hot spots in the cosmic microwave background to anomalous voids in the distribution of galaxies. Nevertheless, since collisions with other universes must occur in a particular direction, a general expectation is that any signatures will break the uniformity of our observable universe.We are asking you to play the role of storyteller More information.
To ask other readers questions about Parallel Universes of Self , please sign up. An Overview! Accessed 12 July While these highways lead to or come from destinations, the highways are the ultimate destinations.
Night dreams offer an opportunity to explore parallel universes of self before committing to one of them. The pillars are truly an impression of the past, and they tell us that time is an illusion in which we live, along with space, and is created by the movement of objects and perceptions. You are one with infinity.
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