GENERAL CHEMISTRY CHARLES MORTIMER PDF

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Mathematics for Physical Chemistry: Robert G.

Mathematics for Physical Chemistry and millions of other books are available Authors: Robert G. The concept of a mathematical function is explained and trigonometric functions, Problem solving is the principal tool for learning physical chemistry. Algebra is a branch of symbolic mathematics, in which operations are performed symbolically instead of Select chapters to download PDFs. Third Edition. Professor Emeritus. This edition updates a classic book in light of new developments in computational software while still Second law of thermodynamics - Wikipedia ; The second law of thermodynamics states that the total entropy of an isolated system can never The second law in chemical thermodynamics[edit].

Mortimer Online. Sold by All India Book House 4. Department of Physics — Faculty of Mathematics and Science ; Teachers of physics teach mathematics, physics, and chemistry in upper secondary Our department is the most eminent research unit in Finland in the field of Chemical Kinetics - Springer ; variable of chemical kinetics, from the chemical reaction starting moment when the reactants are mixed to its final Teixeira-Dias, Molecular Physical Chemistry, At that time, Lotka had reported the mathematical study of a system Mortimer M, Taylor P eds Chemical kinetics and mechanism.

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First, we present an overview of the nature of scientific knowledge. The development of pupils' understanding of physical characteristics of air across the Well that and a Barrante : Free Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry. The Third Physical Chemistry Mortimer Solutions - fandomapp. Kinetics 1: Gas laws, kinetic theory of collisions. Thermodynamics: Zeroth lawofthermodynamics.

First lawofthermodynamics, heat capacity, enthalpy, thermochemistry,bond energies. Right now, I exercise my thirst for exploration through my photography blog. Using my DSLR camera, I track down and photograph obscure and hidden places I find in my town, on family trips, and even on day trips to nearby cities. I carefully catalogue the locations so other people can follow in my footsteps.

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Documentation, after all, is another important part of exploring space in a starship. Both versions communicate the same things about the imagined destination, but the second essay does a much better job showing who Eleanor is as a person. All we really learn from the first excerpt is that Eleanor must like Star Trek.

We can also infer that she probably likes leadership, exploration, and adventure, since she wants to captain a starship. Admissions officers shouldn't have to infer who you are from your essay—your essay should lay it out for them. In the second essay, on the other hand, Eleanor clearly lays out the qualities that would make her a great Command officer, and provides examples of how she exemplifies these qualities.

She ties the abstract destination to concrete things from her life such as hapkido and photography. This provides a much more well-rounded picture of what Eleanor could bring to the student body and the school at large. Eleanor just wants to explore the final frontier If you're applying to one of several fine arts fields, this mandatory essay is a way to comment on your influences.

Personal interaction with objects, images and spaces can be so powerful as to change the way one thinks about particular issues or topics.

What did you do to act upon your new thinking and what have you done to prepare yourself for further study in this area? This essay topic is trying to ask as broadly as possible about an experience with art that has moved you in some way. This means that your options for answering the question are quite varied. So what are the two different parts of this prompt? Think of a time you experienced that blown-away feeling when looking at something man-made. This is the reaction and situation the first part of the essay wants you to recreate.

The prompt is primarily interested in your ability to describe and pinpoint exactly what quality made you stop in your tracks. The huge set of inspiring object options the prompt offers tells us that your taste level won't be judged here.

You can focus on a learning experience, which includes both classes and extracurricular activities, or you can focus on a direct experience in which you encountered an object or space without the mediation of a class or teacher. The only limit to your focus object is that it is something made by someone other than you. Your reaction should be in conversation with the original artist—not a form of navel-gazing.

The key for this part of the essay is that your description needs to segue into a story of change and transformation. When you see the Angkor Wat Temple, you can't help but be psyched that at least humans haven't wasted all their time on earth. This brings us to the second part of the essay prompt: this is where you need to move from the past into the present, and then at least gesture meaningfully toward the future.

This essay wants to see that developing maturity in you; therefore, you should explain exactly how your own creative vision has changed after this meaningful encounter you've described. What qualities, philosophy, or themes do you now try to infuse into what you create? You have some choice, too, when it comes to answering, "What have you done to prepare yourself for further study in this area?

Or you could describe investigating new media or techniques to emulate something you saw. Or you could discuss learning about the period, genre, school, or philosophical theory that the original piece of art comes from in order to give yourself a more contextualized understanding.

At the same time, this essay is asking you to show your own creative readiness. Describe not only the work you have produced but also your ability to introduce new elements into that work—in this case, inspired by the piece you described.

What are some best practices for teasing out the complexities of art in written form? Here are some helpful tips as you brainstorm and write your essay.

For example, you could write about something you learned on your own from a documentary, museum visit, or art book. If you're writing about a direct experience with art, don't necessarily fixate on a classical piece. Alternatively, you could discuss a little-known public sculpture, a particularly striking building or bridge you saw while traveling, or a gallery exhibition.

Whatever you end up writing about, make sure you know some of the identifying details. Do you think it or you was in the right place at the right time to be moved by it, or would it have affected you the same way no matter where or when you saw it? Be careful with your explanation since it can easily get so vague as to be meaningless or so obscure and "deep" that you lose your reader. Before you start trying to put it down on paper, try to talk out what you plan to say either with a friend, parent, or teacher.

When you think about what you've been making or thinking about making during your high school career, what is the trajectory of your ideas?

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How has your understanding of the materials you want to work with changed? What about the message you want your works to convey? Or the way you want your works to be seen by others? What is the reason you feel compelled to be creative?

Just as nothing ruins a joke as explaining it does, nothing ruins the wordless experience of looking at art as talking it to death does. Still, you need to find a way to use words to give the reader a sense of what the piece that moved you actually looks like—particularly if the reader isn't familiar with the work or the artist that created it.

Here is my suggested trick for writing well about art.

Second, step away from the concrete and get creative with language by using techniques such as comparative description.

Use your imagination to create emotionally resonant similes. Is there a form of movement e. Does it remind you of something from the natural world e.

If the work is figurative, imagine what has been happening just before the moment in time it captures. Using these kinds of non-literal descriptors will let your reader understand both the actual physical object and its aesthetic appeal. Want to write the perfect college application essay? Find out more about Prep Scholar Admissions now: The University of Texas at Austin gives its applicants the option to write a different essay explaining a relevant piece of their background.

There may be personal information that you want considered as part of your admissions application. You might include exceptional hardships, challenges, or opportunities that have shaped or impacted your abilities or academic credentials, personal responsibilities, exceptional achievements or talents, educational goals, or ways in which you might contribute to an institution committed to creating a diverse learning environment.

UT Austin allows its applicants to mix and match essays from the Apply Texas application from its own option: Topic S. This essay prompt states that the additional information you might want to share with the admissions team can be either positive or negative—so long as it qualifies as "exceptional" in some way.

In fact, the prompt actually uses the word "exceptional" twice to really cement the idea that the everyday challenges or successes are what this essay should highlight. In this sense, determining whether your experiences qualify for this prompt is a matter of degrees.

For example, did you manage to thrive despite being raised by a single parent? But what if you flourished despite living in multiple foster families and aging out of the system during your senior year of high school?

Such a narrative is arguably more appropriate for Topic S. Here's another example: did you win a statewide karate championship? Well done, and feel free to tell your story for Topic C.

But if you were the youngest black belt in the history of the sport to win a national title, you're better off writing about this for Topic S. The answer to this question is pretty straightforward.

Readers are trying to identify students with unique and amazing stories to tell about who they are and where they come from. Although there are many different moving, emotionally impactful experiences we can have, some of these are actually quite common. Conversely, there are many experiences that make us feel elated or accomplished that are also near-universal. This might be a good time to run your Topic S idea by a parent, sibling, school counselor, or trusted teacher. And do they agree that you truly lived a life less ordinary?

The majority of your answer to the Topic S prompt should be telling your story and its impact on you and your life. But this essay should also point toward how your experiences will shape your future interactions at UT Austin. One of the reasons that the admissions office wants to find out which of the applicants has been through something unlike most other people is that they're hoping to increase the number of perspectives in the student body.

Think about, and include in your essay, how you will impact campus life. This can be very literal—if you're, say, a jazz singer who's released several acclaimed albums, you might want to perform on campus. Or it can be much more oblique—if you're disabled, for example, you'll be able to offer a perspective that differs from the able-bodied majority. You can do this by picking a specific moment during your hardship or accomplishment to narrate as a small short story. In addition, don't shy away from explaining your emotions throughout the experience.

Your goal is to make the extraordinary into something at least somewhat relatable—and the way you do that is by making your writing down to earth. As I've already described, the most important feature of any topic for this prompt is that it must be genuinely exceptional. Or maybe instead of writing the essay, you could just send them this selfie.

UT Austin also has two special prompts specifically for nursing applicants Topic N and for social work applicants Topic W. These prompts are quite similar, and we will go over both of them briefly here.

It's OK to take a broad view of what's relevant here. Finally, they're looking for individuals who have clear goals as well as a general idea of what they want to do with their degree. The Apply Texas application contains four essay prompts Topics A, B, C, and D , with different schools requiring different combinations of mandatory and optional essays. Anything that involves working with people is a relevant experience for prospective nursing Admissions officers also want to know that you're really interested in the UT Austin program, so be sure to identify features of the program nursing or social work that appeal to you.

Are you interested in working with a specific population or specialty? UT Austin also includes its own prompt Topic S , in addition to Topics N and W, which are for nursing and social work applicants, respectively. One way to keep these three similar-sounding essay topics A, B, and C separate in your mind is to create a big-picture category for each one: Curious about the other college essay choices out there?

If your target college also accepts the Common Application, check out our guide to the Common App essay prompts to see whether they would be a better fit for you.

Interested to see how other people tackled this part of the application? We have a roundup of accepted essays from tons of colleges.

Read our suggestions for how to come up with great essay ideas. We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Anna scored in the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia.

She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. When you have something to work with, it is simply a matter of moulding it to perfection. When you have nothing, you have a seemingly difficult road ahead. After several ATAR Notes members expressed that they need help with creative writing, I wrote this to give you some starting points. Then I edited this, and re-wrote it so that it helps you from the beginning stages until the very last days of editing. Fear no more, creative writing doesn't have to be the foe that it is in your head!

For every single Paper 1 or Paper 2 response, you are the responderexcept one. You want to create a work that shows that you know what makes a great text you study them all year. For Creative writing in Area of Study - you are the composer. You also want to say, I know what makes a great text, now watch me do just that. Its important to keep in mind all of the things about your other texts that made you enjoy or appreciate them.

When thinking about discovery, it is easy to fall into the X marks the spots pirate discoveries or the discovery of a key that leads to a magical realm of goblins. If you arent comfortable with creative writing write about what you know. If you dont know what it is like to land on Jupiter, then dont write about it. As a basic rule, the most fool proof way to add an element of realness to your creative writing is to write about something you have experienced, either physically yourself or through plenty of research.

Of course, this is creative writing, it doesnt have to be a non-fiction memoir. If you are well-read in the Maoist dynasty of China DO write about that! If you know a lot about Neil Armstrong work with that. If you know nothing about life in the Royal Palace avoid that.

Your text will gain integrity from having a sense of reality which will organically appear in the description you provide.

Yes we want you to write about what you know, but if you are fresh out of a break up, really consider if you reallllllly want to write about that. Remember that your marker is probably well out of range with what it feels like to find text messages in baes phone revealing that he or she is talking to another bae behind your back.

Thats a discovery, but not really of the Band 6 kind. In the years , not once has Paper 1 specified a form that you have to use. Every year in that time frame they have asked for imaginative writing except in when they asked for a creative piece of writing.

Most commonly, students write in the short story form.

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However, students can also write speeches, opinion articles, memoirs, monologues, letters, diary entries, or hybrid medium forms. Are you the more analytical type and less creative? Consider using that strength in the imaginative writing by opting to write a feature article or a speech. Tense is a very powerful tool that you can use in your writing to increase intensity or create a tone of detachment, amongst other things. Writing entirely in the present tense is not as easy as it seems, it is very easy to fall into past tense.

The present tense creates a sense of immediacy, a sense of urgency. If youre writing with suspense or about action, consider the present tense. The car screeches to a stop in front of our unified bodies.

The frail man alights from the vehicle and stares into my eyes. The past tense is the most common in short stories. The past tense can be reflective, recounting, or perhaps just the most natural tense to write in. The future tense is difficult to use for short stories. However, you can really manipulate the future tense to work in your favour if you are writing a creative speech. A combination of tenses will most probably create a seamless link between cause and effect in a speech.

You ultimately want your creative writing to take your marker to a new place, a new world, and you want them to feel as though they understand it like they would their own kitchen. The most skilled writers can make places like Hogwarts seem like your literary home. The best option is to take a setting you know and describe it in every sense taste, smell, feel, sound and sight.

Does your grandmothers kitchen have those old school two-tone brown tiles? Did you grow up in another country, where the air felt different and the smell of tomatoes reminded you of Sundays?

Does your bedroom have patterned fabric hanging from the walls and a bleached patch on the floor from when you spilled nail polish remover? Perhaps your scene is a sporting field describe the grazed knees, the sliced oranges and the mums on the sideline nursing babies.

The more unique yet well described the details are, the more tangible your setting is. Once youve got a creative piece or at least a plot you can start working on how you will present this work in the most effective manner. Again, it comes back to: write about what you know.

You need to be equipped with knowledge and skill to refine your work on a technical level, in order to enhance the discovery that you will be heavily marked on. You want to consider whether your creative piece is focused on a small slot of ordinary time, or is it covering years in span?

A zoo where there are cages for each emotion because they are the true beasts to be contained. By synthesising the works of various genius writers and the experiences of HSC writers, Ive compiled a list of checks and balances, tips and tricks, spells and potions, that will help you create the best creative text that you can. Are you flashing back between the past and the present?

What seems to be a brilliant short story when youre cramming for exams may not continue to be so brilliant when youre looking at it again after a solid sleep and in the day light.

Some of the most wonderful short stories focus on the minutiae that is unique to ordinary life but is perpetually overlooked or underappreciated. No doubt what you wrote will have merit, perhaps it will be perfect, but the chances lean towards it having room for improvement. By this I mean, discovering that new isnt always better may be the product of a character cooking their grandmothers recipe for brownies imagine the imagery you could use!

Discovering that humans are all one and the same could come from a story based on one single shift at a grocery store, observing customers.

Every day occurrences offer very special and overlooked discoveries.

Everyone can give their input and often, an outsiders opinion is preciously valuable. You could create a creative piece that actually spans the entire life span of someone is this the life span of someone who lived to 13 years old or someone who lived until 90 years old? Else, you could create a story that compares the same stage of life of three different individuals in three different eras.

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However, at the end of the day this is your writing and essentially an artistic body that you created from nothing. It is something to be proud of, and when you find and edit the faults in your own work, you enhance your writing but also gain skills in editing. Consider how much time you want to cover before embarking on your creative journey. Your work should be critiqued periodically from the first draft until the HSC exams.

The best writers dont give every little detail wrapped up and packaged, ready to go. After each hand-in of your work to your teacher you should receive feedback to take on board. As a writer, you need to have respect for your reader in that you believe in their ability to read between the lines at points, or their ability to read a description and visualise it appropriately. You have your entire year 12 course to work on a killer creative writing piece.

This is boring because the reader is being fed every detail that they could have synthesised from being told the age alone. What is important is that you are willing to shave away the crusty edges of the cake so that you can present it in the most effective and smooth icing you have to offer. To add to the point of the age, you could add an adjective that gives connotations to everything that was written in the sentence, such as tender age of Thats a discretionary thing, because its not necessary.

This means that you shouldnt put your creative to bed for weeks without a second thought. When you dont have to use extra words: probably dont. This is the kind of work that benefits from small spontaneous bursts of editing, reading and adjusting. You will also find that adapting your creative writing to different stimuli is also very effective in highlighting strengths and flaws in the work. Sometimes you will need to make big changes, entirely re-arranging the plot, removing characters, changing the tense, etc.

When you give less information, you intrigue the reader. I cannot stand the way he puts his hand on his stupid hip when he brushes his teeth! Sometimes you will need to make smaller changes like finely grooming the grammar and spelling. There is a fine line between withholding too much and giving the reader the appropriate rope for them to pull. It is worth it when you have a creative piece that works for you, and is effective in various situations that an exam could give you.

You may not realise when you write that you slip into the present tense for a sentence even though the rest of the verbs in the paragraph take the past tense conjugation. You might slip into the present tense because you got lazy, because you forgot, or because that particular sentence had the urgency of a different tense.

The best way to work out if youre sitting comfortably on the line is to send your creative writing to someone, and have them tell you if there was a gap in the information.

However, without this being skilled and strategic tense variation, you will just cause chaos in your work and the textual integrity will be lowered.

How many facts can you convey without telling the reader directly? It is a very simple mistake, so much so that you may not pick it up for a few readings. Tense needs to be uniform in order to show that you are using correct language conventions. Your markers are smart people, they can do the work on their end, you just have to feed them the essentials. Mixing up tense is particularly easy to do if English is not your first language when I studied HSC French, I realised how easy it is to slip into what you feel most comfortable conjugating!

It is very exhausting for a responder to read complex and compound sentences one after the other, each full of verbose and unnecessary adjectives.

Here are some examples of the difference between showing and telling. It is such a blessed relief when you reach a simple sentence that you just want to sit and mellow in the beauty of its simplicity. Telling: If your creative writing involves a character whether that be a protagonist or the persona delivering your imaginative speech you need to give them qualities beyond the page.

Of course, this is a technique that you can use to your advantage. It isnt enough to describe their hair colour and gender.

The day that Stalin dropped his ice cream on his shoe You wont need the enormous unnecessary sentences though, I promise. This is the shortest verse in the Bible found John and is probably one of the most potent examples of the power of simplicity. There needs to be something unique about this character that makes them feel real, alive and possibly relatable.

A dystopic world where in order to give birth, you need to strategically take a life. The sentence only involves a proper noun and a past-tense verb. It also stands as a formidable force in among other sentences.

Is it the way that they fiddle with loose threads on their cardigan? Sentence variation is extremely important in engaging a reader through flow. Is it the way they comb their hair through their fingers when they are stressed?

Do they have painted nails, but the pinky nail is always painted a different colour? The laugh that came from the mouth of the saddest person Of course, writing completely in simple sentences is tedious for you and the reader. This is most crucial in your introduction because there is opportunity to lose your marker before you have even shown what youre made of! Do they have an upward infliction when they are excited?

I had a dream last week that Donald Trump lived next door Reading your work out loud is one of the most effective ways to realise which sentences arent flowing. Do the other characters change their tone when they are in the presence of this one character? Of course, it is a combination of many qualities that make a character live beyond the ink on the page. If you are running out of breath before you finish a sentence you need to cut back.

Hopefully my suggestions give you an idea of a quirk your character could have. Length does not necessarily mean quality, of course. Have a look here and read this out loud: Writers Digest suggested in their online article 5 Wrong Ways to Start a Story that there are in fact, ways to lose your reader and textual credibility before you even warm up.

Alternatively, you could have a character that is so intensely normal that they are a complete contrast to their vibrant setting? A peer of mine wrote words and got the same mark as me. It is fairly disappointing to a reader to be thrown into drastic action, only to be pulled into consciousness and be told that the texts persona was in a dream.

Because you are asked to write about discovery, you want the ending to be wholesome. For your first draft, I would aim for a minimum of words.

My HSC English teacher cringed at the thought of us starting or resolving our stories with a dream that defeats everything that happened thus far. What stories have ended in a very efficient way for you?

This means, you need your marker to know that the ending justifies the discovery. Then, when you create a gauge for how much you can write in an exam in legible handwriting, you can expand.

It is the ending you throw on when you dont know how to end it, and it is the beginning you use to fake that you are a thrilling action writer. I already feel a reaction to the pompous nature of the pair! You can't leave your marker confused about whether or not the discovery had yet occurred because this may jeopardise your marks.

For your half yearly, I definitely recommend against writing a word creative writing unless you are supremely confident that you can do that, at high quality, in 40 minutes perhaps your half yearly exam isnt a full Paper 1 in which case you need to write to the conditions.

You need to decide how many words you need to effectively and creatively express your ideas about discovery. Hopefully neither of these apply to you so when Johnny wakes up to realise it was all just a dream you better start hitting the backspace. In case you hadnt noticed, you have a mental dialogue going on inside your head that never stops.

If your discovery is an epiphany for the reader, you may want to finish with a stark, stand alone sentence that truly has a resonating effect. Since , Paper 1 has delivered quotes to be used as the first sentence, general quotes to be featured anywhere in the text and visual images to be incorporated. Students often turn to writing about their own experiences.

However, do not open your story with the alarm clock buzzing, even if that is the most familiar daily occurrence. They say, the only thing worse than a story opening with a ringing alarm clock is when the character reaches over to turn it off and then exclaims, Im late.

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If you are transporting a reader to a different landscape or time period than what they are probably used to, you want to give them the passport in the very introduction otherwise the plane to the discovery will leave without them. If your story is organised in a way that the discovery is transformative of a persona's opinions, make sure that the ending clearly justifies the transformation that occurred.

Every year, there has been a twist on the area of study concept belonging or discovery in the question. This is your chance to grab the marker and keep them keen for every coming word.Baldeschwieler Ralph F. Waelsch Thomas Eisner Elizabeth F.

UT Austin also has two special prompts specifically for nursing applicants Topic N and for social work applicants Topic W. What happens when you have no time, cannot understand the questions or have too much on your pate? I t was my first solo performance and my nerves were rattling.

Fogoros is a retired board-certified cardiologist who practiced and taught clinical cardiology and directed cardiac electrophysiology at the University of Pittsburgh and Allegheny General Hospital.

Listed below are the Travel Grant recipients as reported by each sister society. Mortimer Online. Readers should have such complete understanding of what is going on, where and why, that they could finish the story themselves, should cockroaches eat the last few pages.